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What Is Education and Teaching?
Summers off, casual attire, and supervising awkward school dances are just a few of the perks of being a teacher.
But teaching isn’t the only job you can get in education — you can also work in curriculum design, administration, leadership, and educational politics.
Educating minds is an honorable and essential profession, with abundant opportunities to make a positive change. If you have a passion for teaching, our guide can help you discover your options.
Explore Education Degree Programs
Best Online Teaching Degrees of 2023
September 5, 2023
Choosing an online degree to become a teacher can be more affordable and give you a flexible schedule. Check out our list of the best teaching programs.
Best Online Master’s in Education Programs
August 29, 2023
Earning a master's degree in education can lead to career advancement and increased earning potential.
Online Doctorate in Education
January 6, 2023
With a doctorate, educators gain the leadership and research skills required for career advancement and a higher earning potential.
Child Development Degree Programs
January 6, 2023
Earning a degree in child development can lead to new and exciting career opportunities.
Best Online Early Childhood Education Bachelor’s Programs
September 20, 2023
Explore degree programs and potential careers in early childhood education in this guide.
Best Online Master’s in Early Childhood Education Programs
September 14, 2023
Explore this page to learn what a master's degree in early childhood education can mean for future educators.
Online Masters Programs in Adult Education/Learning
January 6, 2023
If you earn an online master's in adult education, you can make a difference in adults' lives by becoming their teacher.
Earning an Online Education Administration Bachelors Degree
January 6, 2023
Earning an online education administration degree can lead to new and exciting career opportunities.
Education Administration Degrees
September 15, 2023
Earning a degree in education administration can lead to new career opportunities. Here, we list the best programs available.
Special Education Degrees
September 13, 2023
Special education careers require specific training and experience that can be obtained through degree programs offered at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Best Online Secondary Education Degrees
January 6, 2023
Secondary school educators teach students the skills to cultivate interests and challenge and defend their opinions.
What Is an Education Degree? 10 Popular Specializations
You have a variety of educational options if you wish to become a teacher or education leader. You can pursue an associate degree, a bachelor’s degree, a graduate degree, and even certificates.
An education degree prepares you to teach, manage classrooms, design instructional content, and become an education leader.
During the course of your journey in education, you must choose an area to specialize in. Here are 10 of the most popular education specializations.
A teaching degree is exactly what it sounds like: a degree that prepares you to teach others. You can specialize in administration, leadership, curriculum design, a grade level, or a particular subject like math or social studies.
Most teaching programs offer courses like student engagement, the science of learning, differences in learning, and instructional design.
You can also pursue a teaching certificate to learn new skills or qualifications. You can find certificates for educational policy, gifted education, educational technology, higher education administration, and STEM learning.
2. Early Childhood Education
Early childhood education grads typically go on to careers in childcare, preschool education, and elementary education.
This specialization can also prepare you to work with families in your community, design curricula, and conduct original research.
In this major, you’ll usually take classes like child development, family development, childhood psychology, socioemotional development, and disabilities in early childhood education.
3. Elementary Education
Students who major in elementary education learn to teach elementary-level curricula to children. You’ll be qualified for school counseling jobs and to teach kindergarten through sixth grade.
Common courses include assessment of young children, classroom management, foundations of education, child development, and lesson design.
4. Secondary Education
A secondary education specialization involves educating middle school and high school students. Your program may focus on comprehensive education or may allow you to choose a specific subject to teach, like math, history, or counseling.
In this specialization, you’ll typically take classes covering topics like secondary classroom and behavior management, secondary curriculum and instruction, and educational psychology.
5. Higher Education
Specializing in higher education prepares you to work at colleges and universities.
Higher education majors often hold roles at colleges in economics and finances, policy, curriculum development, faculty relations, higher education law, student services, marketing and promotion, and institutional research.
You’ll likely take courses in subjects like educational evaluation, sociology in education, education policy and law, and leadership.
6. Adult Education
Specializing in adult education will equip you to educate adult learners. An adult education major prepares you to work in fields like athletic coaching, corporate training, health education, and outdoor education.
Some common courses for this specialty include adult education, workforce education, program development, instructional design, evaluation in adult education, and multicultural populations.
7. Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL)
TEFL certification qualifies teachers to teach English to students whose first language is not English.
With TEFL certification, you can teach English abroad and online, work in international schools and language institutes, and develop curricula.
TEFL certification also allows you to educate K-12 students as an ESL teacher.
8. Special Education
A special education program prepares you to teach students with disabilities, typically at the K-12 level.
You can choose a concentration for your special education major, such as adapted curriculum, communication disorder, Deaf education, early childhood education, and elementary education.
Special education majors take courses like assistive technology, behavior management, human development, and assessment for students with disabilities.
9. Educational Administration and Leadership
An education degree in administration prepares you for roles in educational leadership, like principal, dean, and superintendent. Graduates can also pursue roles as education policymakers and division chairs.
You’ll study subjects like school law, supervision of instruction, critical issues in schools, and school finance.
While you can major in educational administration as an undergrad, many students choose to earn a master’s degree.
10. Curriculum and Instructional Design
In this major, you’ll learn to develop curricula and design methods to educate students. Instructional design is an innovative field that focuses on increasing student engagement and creating interactive 21st-century classrooms.
Many graduates go on to train teachers and introduce new curricula to schools.
Curriculum and instructional design is often a master’s degree, with teachers pursuing this path after gaining experience as an educator.
How Does Accreditation Work for Education Programs?
When a school is accredited, it means it’s been reviewed for high-quality curricula, qualified faculty, and satisfactory educational outcomes.
Accrediting agencies should be recognized by the U.S. Department of Education and/or the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Colleges can receive institutional accreditation and programmatic accreditation.
Accreditation ensures that future employers will recognize the legitimacy of your education degree. If you wish to further your education down the road, graduate programs will also require you to have an accredited degree.
Finally, to receive your teaching license, you must attend an accredited school.
Here are some teaching program accreditors to look for:
Do You Need Licensure for Teaching Jobs?
If you want to teach in the public school system, you’ll need a state teaching certification or license. Some private and charter schools may not require a teaching license.
The licensing process and requirements vary from state to state, but the steps are generally the same: You must have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited school and complete a teacher preparation program.
Most college education programs include the teacher preparation curriculum in the coursework — this often involves classroom experience through student teaching.
You’ll also need to pass your state’s teaching exam, which covers basic education skills and specific subject areas like math and writing.
Popular States to Teach In
How to Become a Teacher in Florida
September 20, 2023
Earning a degree and becoming a teacher could lead to a rewarding career path. Learn more about how to become a teacher in Florida here.
Teaching Certification in Georgia
September 20, 2023
Earning a teaching degree can lead to a rewarding career path. Our guide outlines how to become a teacher in Georgia.
How to Become a Teacher in Pennsylvania [2022 Guide]
September 20, 2023
Earning a teaching license in Pennsylvania could lead to an exciting career. Learn more about teaching in Pennsylvania here.
Education Careers: Outlook and Salary
In general, careers in education are growing equal to or slower than the national average for 2021-2031, which is 5%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Several teaching careers fall just below the national average. In fact, adult basic and secondary education and ESL teachers are projected to have a negative growth rate of -6% over the next decade.
One education career — postsecondary teachers — is an outlier, with an above-average projected growth rate of 12%. So if you’re interested in teaching at the college level, you can expect more employment opportunities.
The median salary for teaching careers ranges between $29,000 and $98,000. Administration roles tend to earn significantly more than entry-level teaching jobs.
To advance in your education career, you’ll often need a master’s degree.
|Job||Minimum Education Required||Median Annual Salary (May 2021)||Job Growth Rate (2021-2031)|
|Teacher Assistants||Some college, no degree||$29,360||5%|
|Preschool Teachers||Some college, no degree||$29,360||5%|
|Elementary School Teachers||Bachelor’s||$61,400||4%|
|Middle School Teachers||Bachelor’s||$61,320||4%|
|High School Teachers||Bachelor’s||$61,820||5%|
|Special Education Teachers||Bachelor’s||$61,820||4%|
|Career and Technical Education Teachers||Bachelor’s||$61,160||2%|
|Adult Basic and Secondary Education and ESL Teachers||Bachelor’s||$59,720||-6%|
|Elementary, Middle, and High School Principals||Master’s||$98,420||5%|
|Postsecondary Education Administrators||Master’s||$96,910||7%|
|Postsecondary Teachers||Master’s or doctorate||$79,640||12%|
Frequently Asked Questions About Education and Teaching
What is the difference between education and teaching?
The terms “teaching” and “education” are often used interchangeably to describe education jobs.
Teaching more often refers to the in-classroom act of educating students. Education, in contrast, can be used more broadly to refer to academic institutions, administration, leadership, and policymaking.
What are the different types of education?
The three types of education are formal, informal, and nonformal. Formal education refers to a traditional school or institution that awards diplomas, degrees, and/or certificates.
Informal education can take the form of lessons taught at home, reading or researching to gain new knowledge, and learning through practical experience.
Finally, nonformal education entails programs and courses that contain instruction but without any formal credentials. This includes fitness programs, art classes, and swimming lessons.
What can teachers do instead of teaching?
There are many jobs in education that don’t involve teaching. You can work in administration, develop curricula, evaluate other schools for accreditation, try your hand at educational politics and lobbying, or work for teachers’ unions.
Many teachers also go on to work in other fields like human resources and customer service.
How hard is an education degree?
Education degrees don’t have a reputation for being as rigorous as, say, a medical or STEM degree, but difficulty is subjective. If you’re naturally inclined to the skills and content of an education degree, the program may come easier to you than it does for others.
Ultimately, your education specialization, program, and degree level will all help to determine how hard your education degree is.
Is an education degree worth it?
Education professionals typically earn $30,000-$100,00 a year, while tuition costs can range anywhere from $3,000-$40,000 a year. Gauging whether an education degree is worth it will depend on what you value — earning potential, career opportunities, or job satisfaction.
Some careers in education may have a low average salary but are very personally rewarding.