Psychology Degree Programs Find your best-fit program and explore key psychology resources

A psychology degree is one of the most popular degrees available today, and for good reason: not only does it open the doors to interesting careers working to understand human behavior, it also provides a broad educational background that can be useful in a variety of professions. Research and writing, statistical analysis, critical thinking and logical reasoning skills are all basic concepts learned through a psychology degree program. To discover more about what you can do with a psychology degree and the potential careers available, enjoy the rest of this comprehensive guide.

expert contributor
Leslee Brooks has over twenty years of experience in private practice … Read full bio

Explore Psychology Degrees by Specialty

  • Clinical Psychology

    Clinical psychology focuses primarily on applying psychological theories and concepts to treat mental illnesses and psychological problems.

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  • Counseling Psychology

    The counseling psychology specialty focuses on providing guidance and assistance for individuals, couples, families and groups struggling with stressful issues or behavioral challenges.

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  • School Psychology

    School psychologists work closely with students of all ages, as well as their families, to help ensure academic and personal well-being in an educational setting.

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Key Resources for Psychology Students

  • Financial Aid &
    Scholarships for Psychology

    Paying for school can present a barrier to getting a psychology degree. Fortunately, there are plenty of financial aid options available for this major.

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  • Psychology
    Student Resources

    For guidance on how to make the most of a psychology degree, we’ve provided the following helpful student resources.

    READ MORE
  • Psychology Careers

    The careers available with a psychology degree are broad and varied. Here’s a sampling of the possibilities for graduates.

    READ MORE

Top Psychology Programs: 2016-17

Figuring out which psychology degree program is the best is not easy. Not only is it difficult to fairly compare programs against one another, but each student also has his or her own unique idea of what makes a particular program right for them. However, there are several major characteristics that many students deem important when deciding among schools, such as tuition, student-to-faculty ratio and graduation rate. All of these, and more, are factored into our 2016-17 rankings.

Score Tuition & Fees Financial Aid % Total Programs Student-teacher Ratio Grad Rate
Score Tuition & Fees Financial Aid % Total Programs Student-teacher Ratio Grad Rate
1 University of Florida 99.80 89% 16 21:1 88%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth6
  • # Online Programs1
  • Acceptance Rate46%
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2 Emmaus Bible College 98.60 96% 1 9:1 95%

  • Placement ServicesNo
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate40%
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3 Florida State University 97.89 83% 10 26:1 79%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth4
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate55%
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4 Brigham Young University-Provo 97.48 71% 8 18:1 79%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth5
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate47%
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5 Tougaloo College 97.34 98% 1 11:1 53%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate40%
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6 Clarks Summit University 97.22 97% 3 9:1 54%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online Programs1
  • Acceptance Rate86%
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7 Geneva College 97.18 100% 3 13:1 65%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate71%
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8 Virginia State University 97.09 96% 3 14:1 43%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate80%
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9 Salish Kootenai College 97.04 75% 3 15:1 70%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance RateN/A
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10 Hobe Sound Bible College 97.03 77% 2 11:1 60%

  • Placement ServicesNo
  • Counseling ServicesNo
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance RateN/A
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11 Kuyper College 97.03 97% 1 11:1 65%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate71%
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12 University of the West 96.93 80% 2 10:1 100%

  • Placement ServicesNo
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance RateN/A
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13 University of New Mexico-Main Campus 96.91 93% 6 19:1 48%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate45%
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14 Bethel College-North Newton 96.79 98% 2 10:1 58%

  • Placement ServicesNo
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate49%
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15 Converse College 96.78 93% 2 11:1 60%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate53%
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16 Saint Vincent College 96.77 100% 3 12:1 74%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate72%
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17 University of Georgia 96.51 83% 7 18:1 85%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online Programs2
  • Acceptance Rate56%
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18 Berea College 96.51 100% 1 10:1 62%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate34%
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19 Murray State University 96.48 86% 3 16:1 52%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate80%
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20 University of Central Florida 96.44 72% 7 31:1 70%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth5
  • # Online Programs1
  • Acceptance Rate50%
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21 St Mary's College of Maryland 96.42 74% 2 10:1 81%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate79%
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22 Marywood University 96.42 97% 9 11:1 69%

  • Placement ServicesNo
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth7
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate74%
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23 Eastern Mennonite University 96.32 100% 4 10:1 62%

  • Placement ServicesNo
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate60%
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24 University of Science and Arts of Oklahoma 96.26 84% 1 12:1 46%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate68%
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25 Westminster College MO 96.26 100% 1 14:1 66%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate66%
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26 Grace University 96.25 99% 2 14:1 55%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate45%
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27 William Jessup University 96.23 92% 5 13:1 65%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate76%
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28 University of Wyoming 96.16 70% 4 15:1 54%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate98%
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29 University of South Florida-Main Campus 96.14 74% 7 25:1 67%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth4
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate53%
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30 Carson-Newman University 96.10 96% 6 11:1 48%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth5
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate62%
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31 Westminster College PA 96.10 96% 2 10:1 76%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate94%
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32 Bryn Athyn College of the New Church 96.08 92% 1 8:1 58%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate58%
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33 University of Kentucky 96.04 84% 13 18:1 61%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth7
  • # Online Programs1
  • Acceptance Rate72%
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34 Truman State University 96.04 81% 1 17:1 71%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate74%
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35 North Carolina Central University 96.03 80% 3 15:1 47%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate43%
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36 Johnson University 96.02 94% 2 17:1 67%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate56%
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37 College of the Ozarks 96.01 100% 1 15:1 63%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate8%
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38 Lincoln Christian University 95.99 93% 3 14:1 55%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate48%
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39 University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff 95.99 91% 2 15:1 27%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate39%
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40 Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg 95.97 80% 4 14:1 68%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online Programs2
  • Acceptance Rate82%
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41 Emporia State University 95.91 78% 8 18:1 39%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth5
  • # Online Programs1
  • Acceptance Rate76%
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42 Henderson State University 95.89 92% 4 17:1 36%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth3
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate63%
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43 Loras College 95.88 98% 3 12:1 64%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate95%
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44 Morningside College 95.86 98% 5 13:1 54%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth5
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate57%
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45 Dordt College 95.85 100% 2 15:1 65%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth2
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate73%
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46 Asbury University 95.85 99% 1 12:1 68%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth1
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate69%
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47 William Carey University 95.84 84% 7 15:1 58%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceNo
  • Program Breadth7
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate50%
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48 Sam Houston State University 95.82 82% 6 21:1 53%

  • Placement ServicesYes
  • Counseling ServicesYes
  • Credit for ExperienceYes
  • Program Breadth4
  • # Online ProgramsN/A
  • Acceptance Rate74%
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Find Psychology Programs Near You

When choosing between psychology programs, geographic location is a major consideration. Students who want to save as much money as possible could look for a college closer to home, or those who want to work in a particular location upon graduation could seek out a school located in that area. This search tool helps students sort psychology programs based on location, tuition, school type and other factors.

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Psychology Degrees by the Numbers

Interested in getting a psychology degree, but curious as to what the field looks like? The following data charts provide an overview of the academic and professional industry for psychology graduates. The numbers can provide a heads-up on what prospective students and psychology professionals can expect.

Psychology Degrees Earned by Level (2013-14)

The psychology degree is most popular at the bachelor’s level. In fact, the number of students engaged in a psychology degree program drops dramatically as they progress up the academic ladder. This means that the more advanced a psychology degree is, the more valuable and marketable the student can expect it to be.

Psychology Graduates by Gender (2013-14)

The psychology profession is dominated by women, regardless of academic degree obtained. This means that most likely, students will have more female colleagues and classmates. In fact, women handily dominate the profession, with only 25 percent of all doctoral program students being male.

Bachelor’s
Master’s
Doctorate

The Growing Popularity of Psychology Degrees (1970-2014)

More and more students are deciding to get a psychology degree. One reason is the increasing recognition of psychology as a science field that qualifies as a STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) discipline. The following data displays this consistently growing trend in students getting a psychology degree.

  • Bachelor’s
  • Master’s
  • Doctorate

Source: National Center for Education Statistics (2015)

Psychology Degree Options: What’s the Difference?

Psychology degrees are available at many different levels of academia. They are most commonly found at the bachelor’s, master’s and doctorate levels, but associate degrees in psychology are fairly common as well. Depending on the ultimate goal of the student, each degree will offer advantages.
Getting a doctorate will provide the widest selection of professional opportunities of any single psychology degree. However, it takes the most time, money and effort. And depending on the student’s goal, the terminal degree may be unnecessary. On the other hand, getting an associate degree will usually be the fastest and easiest psychology degree to get, although graduates will have the narrowest professional advancement opportunities. Most psychology degrees are earned at the bachelor’s and master’s levels, with either degree providing a wide range of career opportunities.

Associate

An associate degree in psychology can usually be obtained in about two years and consists of about 60 to 65 credits. The length of the program is its biggest strength, as well as the ability to transfer associate degree credits into a bachelor’s degree with another two years of study.

Associate of Art (A.A.) in Psychology

The A.A. degree in psychology requires students to fill non-psychology related classes with courses in the humanities or social science fields.

Associate of Science (A.S.) in Psychology

The A.S. psychology degree is similar to the associate of art, except the non-psychology classes are more likely to be filled with science and math-oriented class work.

Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.) in Psychology

The A.A.S. provides the most practical training curriculum. The advantage is that students will have more real world skills, but the drawback is that it will be harder to turn the degree into a bachelor’s degree.

Bachelor’s

Bachelor of Art (B.A.) in Psychology

The B.A. will provide a solid background in psychology. However, there will be a higher number of non-psychology or non-science/mathematics courses within the bachelor’s degree curriculum.

Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Psychology

The B.S. will have an increased emphasis in psychology, science and math courses compared to a bachelor of arts degree. This degree is ideal for students planning on moving into graduate school.

Master’s

Master of Art (M.A.) in Psychology

The M.A. in psychology will cover the same core classes that a master of science will cover. However, the additional coursework will be in humanities or social science topics.

Master of Science (M.S.) in Psychology

The M.S. psychology degree is similar to a master of art psychology degree, except there will be additional emphasis on science and research concepts within the curriculum.

Education Specialists (Ed.S.) in School Psychology

An education specialist degree in school psychology is more specialized than the other master’s degrees in that the curriculum will narrow the focus to preparing graduates for a career in school psychology.

Doctorate

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Psychology

The Ph.D. option for psychologists is unique in that it places the strongest emphasis on scientific, mathematical and theoretical concepts. As a result, graduates are best suited for careers in academia and research.

Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.)

The Psy.D. is tailored less toward academics and theory and more toward applied psychology topics. Graduates who want to treat patients are more likely to get this degree.

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in Psychology

The doctor of education degree is somewhat a hybrid of the doctor of philosophy and doctor of psychology degrees in that it places emphasis on both applied and theoretical psychological principles.

Psychology Careers at a Glance

In the broadest sense, a psychologist is someone who studies how the mind works and its relationship to human behavior. Given the complexity of the human mind, there is a range of applications for psychological principles. As a result, psychologists can work almost everywhere, in any number of specialties. Two broad distinctions include research-oriented and applied work. Since so much of the human brain and behavior has yet to be understood, there is a strong need for continued psychological research. And given the prevalence of mental disorders and psychological issues faced by individuals, there is also a continued demand for applying psychological principles to directly help others.

Where do psychologists work?

With so many specialties available in the psychology field, there are also numerous work settings for psychologists. They can be found in the private and public sector, as well as research and treatment centers. Here are some of the more common places of work for psychologists.

Elementary & Secondary Schools

The school setting is the single largest work environment for psychologists. This should come as no surprise given the importance of education in modern society and the complexity in understanding the development and maturation of the human mind.

Colleges & Universities

Psychologists are also needed in higher education. Colleges and universities are where much of the formal psychology related teaching takes place, so many psychologists work as professors to fill this role. In addition, a great deal of psychological research takes place at universities.

Government

The government sector contains psychologists fulfilling a wide range of roles. Given how the government is a major funding source for psychological research, psychologists are often found working for government agencies and departments. Since there is much government regulation of private industry, there is a strong need for industrial-organizational psychologists for government positions.

Hospitals, Clinics & Other Healthcare Facilities

Treating mental health problems is a major responsibility for psychologists. Since a large number of mental health care treatments will be provided by a healthcare facility, many psychologists can be found working in any number of hospitals, clinics and treatment centers.

Businesses & nonprofits

A significant aspect of running a successful organization is being able to effectively understand and manage workers. As a result, many organizations, both for-profit and non-profit, hire psychologists to help them understand the needs and wants of their workers.

Private Practice

Private practice is the work setting most people think of when they think of the psychology profession. However, the private practice setting actually has the fewest number of psychologists in relation to other settings.

How much do psychologists earn?

Graduates with a psychology degree will see a wide range of salary potential. The level of education and the area of specialization will play a key role in determining the compensation someone in the psychology field can expect.

How to Choose a Psychology Degree Program

Because there are so many career paths for psychology majors, prospective students must properly plan which degree program they want to pursue. The program type, academic level and psychology area of focus will shape what professional and academic possibilities are available down the line.

01
Thoroughly research the psychology field

A comprehensive understanding the psychology field is the first step. Reading about and talking to other professionals within the field will help provide an understanding of what to expect.

02
Identify the goal for getting a psychology degree

In order to figure out which psychology degree program is best, students need to figure out their ultimate goal. Research? Patient treatment? Teaching? Each of these careers will require a different academic plan.

03
Figure out which program has the necessary area of concentration

Depending on the end goal, students will probably want to specialize in a particular area. For example, if research is the goal, students should opt for a program with an experimental psychology area of concentration.

04
Confirm the program is accredited

Accreditation is the process by which an independent organization confirms that a given academic program or school provides an education that meets certain minimum requirements. Prospective students should check to make sure their program of choice is accredited.

05
Determine how well the program will prepare students for licensure, if applicable

Becoming a psychologist usually requires licensure. Students who are sure they will need a license should choose a program that does the best job preparing and assisting students to become licensed.

06
See which program offers the most financial assistance

Post-secondary education is expensive. In order to ease this financial burden as much as possible, look at which schools offer the most scholarships and best student loans with advantageous terms.

07
Decide which program has the best professional growth opportunities

From internship opportunities to partnerships with research institutions, prospective students should see what kind of professional growth opportunities are available. These opportunities can establish connections that make professional advancement much easier.

Expert Advice for Psychology Students

Leslee Brooks Read full bio
Your psychology degree led you down an interesting path…

I have been an academic organizational specialist for 20 years and have a private practice at my office in Wellesley, MA and by Skype. I help students develop note taking and study skills, test taking strategies and provide numerous other academic support services. I work with teachers and professors, editing their writing and helping them organize their professional and personal lives. I am a coach who uses positive reinforcement to help those who struggle feel they may tackle challenges they have been unable to do previously.

How can students choose the right psychology program?

Make sure you talk with a lot of people in the psychology field so you may fully understand your multiple options. There are many degrees in psychology and each allows you to practice in a different way. I spoke with anyone in the field who would spend the time to answer my questions and tell me about what they do, what they liked and also what they did not enjoy about their professional choices.

Was there anything you wish you had known before you went into psychology?

It was not really a surprise but my advisor suggested I not go into counseling psychology, but instead he felt I should work toward developmental and educational psychology (his field) and after I graduated I decided that it would have been helpful to have the counseling degree also, although in the long run it has not affected my practice.

Any other tips?

Thoroughly investigate your options. Understand all the possibilities. Talk with anyone who might be helpful. Along with talking to your professors, also ask other professors in the field who do not have a vested interest in your career decision.