High school students applying to colleges and universities have a lot on their plate—from taking the SATs to writing essays to getting teacher recommendations. Adding on college admissions interviews can be a stressful but often necessary addition. Find out why college interviews are important, how to prepare and get tips for what to do if things don’t go as expected.
While they’re optional at some schools – and are rarely the deciding factor in college acceptance according to the College Board – college interviews are an essential way for both students and schools to gather information. Colleges and universities use the interview process to find out more about a student, especially the kind of information that isn’t easily found in transcripts and applications.
Students can use the interview to gather valuable information about prospective schools, ask questions and show their personality. It’s also an excellent opportunity to explain anything that might be a red flag or unclear to a school, such as a drop in grades.
Here are frequently asked questions about college admissions interviews that every student should consider as they get ready for their big day.
Many colleges don’t require interviews, though most of the Ivy League schools do, including Brown, Columbia and Harvard. In those cases, interviews are used to evaluate the student and supplement information included on the application and essay. In other cases, interviews are informational, which means they’re a chance for students to learn more about a school.
This information can usually be found on a school’s website on their admissions information page. If not, students can call the admissions office to confirm if they will need to participate in an interview.
While an optional interview will be informational in nature, it’s still a good idea to schedule one. This gives students an opportunity to get more information about a program, as well as demonstrate their interest in the school.
An informational interview is a casual conversation that a prospective college student has with a representative from a school—which may be someone from the admissions office, a professor or a current or former student.
An evaluative interview—which may be conducted by an admissions officer, alumnus or professor—is used to help make a decision about whether or not a student will be admitted into a college. During this type of interview, the school representative takes notes on students’ answers and reports what happened to the rest of the admissions committee.
Interviews typically take place in person on the college campus, but some schools may also allow video interviews.
College interviews typically last between 30 minutes and an hour.
Schools want to learn more about a student’s academic and professional goals, interests, passions, high school experiences, strengths and weaknesses. Also, students can explain issues that may jeopardize their admission, such as a drop in grades during a semester or a long absence from school.
Depending on the school, students may be able to have their interviews conducted via Skype or phone.
Some colleges will require students include a resume with their application. But even if a resume isn’t required, it never hurts to bring one to an admissions interview. The resume should include information about your extracurricular activities, work history, community service and skills you’ve gained outside of high school, such as through an internship, extra course or training. The Princeton Review has additional tips on preparing a resume for college applications and interviews.
No one should go into a college interview cold. By starting preparations well in advance, students can become comfortable with the process and boost their confidence. Here’s what to do leading up to your college interview:
Just as with job interviews, there are certain best practices that can help students start an interview on the right foot. Putting thought into your wardrobe and behavior will go a long way towards making a good first impression.
Before choosing an outfit, students should keep in mind that different schools have different standards about attire. In order to find out what’s appropriate for a specific school, students should ask the admissions office for a recommendation on what kind of outfits would be acceptable.
Generally, business or business casual attire are a safe choice for a college interview. The following are some examples of what is acceptable to wear:
What not to wear to a college interview:
Here are some do’s and don’ts to keep in mind during your interview, including tips from admissions experts.
While every college admissions interview is going to be different, it’s a good idea for students to think about their answers to some of the most common questions that schools ask. The following are some of those questions.
Schools want to know what students are passionate about and what their academic goals are. Students who have chosen a major should discuss why they find it interesting and how it fits into their professional goals—and not mention that they’re choosing a major because they want high salaries or job security. Students who haven’t decided on a major should discuss their academic passions and what areas they think they may want to study when they start college.
“To answer this, you need to extensively research the college before the interview. Does it have an academic program or extracurricular activity that interests you? Cultural values you like? Know why you are interested and be prepared to clearly articulate that,” says Andrews.
This question is designed to find out what is important to students and what their interests are. To prepare for this question, they should think about what inspires them about a particular book, what characters they relate to and why, and what influence the book has had on their lives. Preferably it should be a book that was not something they had to read for school.
“The focus of this question tends to be on your academics. If math or English isn’t your strength, talk about why that is, what you’ve done to work through it, and how you will continue to do that in college,” says Thompson. “Look at the services that the college offers and be prepared to talk about them.”
This is an opportunity for students to talk about their academic interests, especially if they have already chosen a major. Schools want to admit students who are excited about their favorite subjects and want to excel in their studies, rather than those who are attending college because they feel like they have to.
“Answer with an interesting, but complimentary, anecdote about your habits at home. Ideally, you are super clean,” says Meister.
This type of question is designed to find out if students have been keeping up with current events. Schools want students who are curious about what is going on in the world and have made an effort to become well-informed, careful thinkers. To answer this question, they should keep up with the news and think about their positions on the issues and their core values.
Schools want students who are going to do more than just go to class every day. To answer this question, they should talk about the activities, clubs and sports they may want to participate in, as well as volunteer activities. Also, this is a good time to discuss their high school activities and why they enjoy them.
This question is designed to determine what students are looking for in a school, as well as their problem solving skills. This should not be used as an opportunity to complain about their high school. Instead they should talk about a specific problem, what can be done to solve it and how the solution would help students.
This question is designed to find out more about students’ character and what they value most. They can answer this by talking about someone close to them, as well as a real person they don’t know or a fictional character that had an impact on them in some way. When answering this question, students should go into detail about why they admire the person they chose and specific ways that person has impacted their life.
A college interview is a two-way street, so it’s important for students to prepare what they want to ask their interviewer. The following are examples of questions students can ask.
Since the person conducting the interview is familiar with what goes on at the school every day, they can provide insight that students can’t get from a website or brochure.
“Everyone loves talking about themselves, and their response may help you make your own college decision down the road,” says Valdes.
This not only provides students with important information on how the school will help them meet their academic and career goals, it also lets the interviewer know they’re serious about getting the most out of their education.
“The best questions to ask will be the ones that arise as you research the school ahead of time,” says Davenport. “Anything that shows a genuine interest and fit with the school, as well as some preparation, is great and shows that you’re a serious applicant.”
This question can give students information on the clubs, events and other extracurricular activities that are available at the school. It also shows the interviewer that a student is well-rounded and wants to immerse themselves in the campus culture.
“Part of your four-year experience is the surrounding town. What is there to do, is there transportation, activities for college students or what is the community known for?” says Thompson.
Just as students may be expected to answer this question about their high school, they can also ask this question about the college they’re considering. This way, students can get information about the school’s shortcomings, which can help them make their decision if they’re torn between two colleges.
“This lets the interviewer know that you are preparing for a safe school environment,” says Andrews. “You want to feel secure on campus and know what plans are in place to deal with emergencies.
This is another question that will give students insights about a college they may not otherwise obtain. Also, it shows the interviewer that students are thinking about what their experience will be like at the school.
Students who ask this question will find out about a college’s core values and where they put most of their attention and resources. Whether it is research, career preparation or faculty, the answer to this question will reveal what the school cares about most.
No matter how much a student prepares for an interview, sometimes things go wrong—but that doesn’t mean they should panic or give up. Below are some examples of problems that may come up and how to minimize their impact.
“Being late for an interview is an obvious mistake, but sometimes unavoidable. Calling ahead of time, explaining why you are late (no bad excuses) and apologizing are major interview savers,” says Andrews.
If students know they’re going to miss their interview ahead of time, they should let the interviewer know as soon as possible and reschedule. If something comes up on the day of the interview, students should contact the interviewer as soon as they can, apologize for not being able to make it and ask to meet at another time.
“Common mistakes are as simple as being too prepared for your interview, which can make you too nervous and lead to stumbling through the interview. It really becomes a snowball effect,” says Thompson. “If you become nervous, ask if you can step out of the room, take a deep breath and step back in.”
If a student’s cell phone starts ringing during an interview, they should immediately turn it off and apologize for the interruption. They should never answer a phone or start texting during an interview.
“The most common mistake I see is students who get carried away with their answers. It may stem from nerves or just a desire to offer complete answers, but sometimes students get a little long-winded,” says Davenport. “If you feel like you are starting to ramble or get off track, stop yourself and say something like ‘I don’t want to get too far off topic; have I answered your question?’ This gives the interviewer a chance to invite further discussion, to refocus the answer or to move along.”
People who work at colleges are human just like everyone else, and sometimes students may catch them on a bad day. If an interviewer is rude, students shouldn’t let that upset them or shake their confidence. They should remain calm, leverage all of the interview preparation they did and act as if nothing is wrong.
“If you make this mistake, make sure you’re ready and willing to speak about your most impressive extracurricular accomplishments in high school,” says Meister.
USC also offers insight into what students can expect when they go to a college interview.
This page includes tips that students can use during their college interview to impress admissions officers.
USC provides the answers to commonly asked questions about college admissions interviews, including information on what students should wear, the types of questions they will be asked and what they should ask their interviewer.
This article discusses the qualities that colleges look for in their students and how these qualities can be demonstrated during an interview, as well as on an application.
This page has tips on how students can ace an interview, as well as information on what they can expect and how to prepare.
Here students can get valuable tips on what to wear to their college interview.
In order to help students practice for their college interview, this page details common questions admissions counselors ask, why they ask them and how students are expected to answer.
Includes information on the types of interviews colleges conduct with prospective students and the benefits of doing an interview.
PrepScholar has information on the importance of doing a college interview, how to set up an interview with a school, and which schools require applicants to participate in an interview.
Describes common college interview mistakes and how students can avoid them.